It is in the South Atlantic, the Great Land of the United Kingdom, the surface area is 121.7 km2, the length 17 km, the width 10.5 km. Its central is Jamestown (1516). It is located 1,930 km off the West African coast, 1.125 km southeast of Ascension Island.
The island is of volcanic origin and has a mountainous structure. The Diana Hill (824 meters) on the mountain range that draws a semicircular arc from southwest to the top is the highest point of the island. Short and fast-flowing rivers flow in deep valleys in the north and south. In the northeast, Longwood and Deatwood plains are the main plains. Although it is located in the tropical belt, the island's climate is mild due to the effects of cold water streams and alize winds in the south of the Atlantic Ocean.
History. On May 21, 1502, it was discovered by the Portuguese. The British came to Helena in 1588. In 1633, the Netherlands was dominated but not settled. In 1661, it was acquired by the British East India Company. In 1815, Napoleon Bonoparte was exiled to St. Helena and died here in 1821. In the South African War of the Boer (1899-1902), the Dutch were imprisoned to the British and were held on the island until the end of the war.
Economics of Saint Helena, England
Saint Helena Phone number: +44
Currency of Saint Helena: Euro
Cities of Saint Helena: Jamestown ...
Less than one third of the island is suitable for farming or forestry. The main products are corn (corn), potatoes and green vegetables. Poultry, sheep, goats, cattle and pigs are grown. Some coffee is cultivated for export. There is no mineral and almost no industry, but some locally grown timber is used for construction purposes. Fish, mainly tuna is caught in the waters around St.Helena; Some are frozen in a nearby cold store and the rest is dried on the island and salted. Almost all outputs are exported.
Approximately two thirds of the colony's budget is provided by the UK as a subsidy; The remaining postage is raised from the sale of postage stamps and customs duties and berth fees. At the end of the 1990s the island began to develop tourism on a small scale. Unemployment is an ongoing problem and many regions are working abroad, especially on Ascension Island. Agriculture (corn, flax, potatoes, vegetables), livestock and fishing are the main sources of income.
Exported by Saint Helena-England
Nations living in Saint Helena, England
The island's population is mostly European (mostly English), South and East Asians and Africans.
Languages spoken in Saint Helena, England
English is the only language spoken