India has the second largest population in the world with a population of 1.200.000. It has 15% of the world's population. The capital of the Republic of India is New Delhi.
The struggle of Mohamed Karamchand Gandhi, the leader of India, is not forgotten but his birthday is accepted as a national holiday on October 02. The Indian Republic in Asia is seventh in the world in terms of surface area. India ranks second in terms of population.
Neighbors; North of Kashmir and China, Nepal and Bhutan in the northeast, Bangladesh and Burma in the east, Ceylon in the southeast, Indian Ocean in the south, Pakistan in the northwest.
The Indian peninsula covers the largest part of the country with its triangle-like structure. The area covered by India is 3.287.590 km2, the north-south length is 3200 km and the west-east length is 2400 km. In terms of physical structure, India is divided into three parts; It is located in the Dekkan Plateau, the Ganges Plain and the Himalayas Region. The most important rivers are part of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, Narbada, Godavari, Krishna and Indus.
India, which is entirely in the north of Ecuador, is in the hot zone. The plains are moist and very hot throughout the year. The most important features of the Indian climate are ; monsoons, alize winds, temperature and uneven rainfall. In India, summers are rainy and winters are dry. India; is a country with interesting features.
All of the world's religions are found in India. Another feature; Religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism were born in this country. India should come to mind software. Pentium's father Vinod Dham, who manufactured the Pentium computer, and Sabeer Bhatia, one of the founders of Hotmail, are Indian technology experts. Because of its long-standing British colony, many people use the advantage of a well-educated population who speaks English. However, unfortunately, per capita national income is well below the average
Important Cities of India: Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Kolkata (Kolkata), Surat, Pune, Jaipur.
India's currency: the rupee.
The Indian economy is the world's seventh-largest and the third-largest economy in terms of purchasing power parity. In the last quarter of 2014, India's economy was the fastest growing big economy in the world. Agriculture has an important share in the Indian economy. Wheat, barley, flax, tobacco, orange, corn, potatoes and apples are grown. In addition, all kinds of spices, cotton, coffee and poppies are produced. India is rich in animal husbandry. 22% of the territory of the country is forest. Wood gum, resin, and pharmaceutical raw materials are obtained from forests. In addition, weaving and weaving cotton and jute. In the field of machine industry; wagons, locomotives, ship benches and automobile factories.
In particular, the products exported are as follows; Petrochemicals, agricultural products, leather, jewelry, machinery, drugs, textiles, chemicals, transportation equipment, ores and other commodities.
India's imported products
are as follows; crude oil, gold and gemstones, electronic products, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, plastics, coal and ore, iron and steel, vegetable oils and other commodities.
Countries Exported by India
European Union Countries, United States, United Arab Emirates, China, Hong Kong.
India's Import Countries
United States, United Arab Emirates, China, Saudi Arabia, Switzerland.
Nations Living in India
The people were composed of five different ethnic groups. These; Dravids are Aryas, Hindus, Tibet-China and Mongols and Muslims.
Languages Spoken in India
The official language is Indian. There are 850 languages in the country. English is used in correspondence. There are official languages accepted in the Indian constitution. Correspondence can also be made with these. Some of these languages include; Hindu, Urdu, Pecabi, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarat, Oriya, Assamese, Kashmir, Sindhi, Sanskrit, Telugu Tamil, Kannada, Malayam languages. It is used in either Hindu language or English to agree between people who use these languages.