The Republic of Mali is a non-coastal country in West Africa. The country, which is the seventh largest country in the African continent, has neighbors Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Senegal and Mauritania. The area is; 1.240.000 km2. The capital of the country is Bamako.
The financial economy is based on agriculture. Approximately 75% of the population is engaged in farming, 10% in animal husbandry and 2% in fisheries. Cereals grown in the country, sorghum, corn and rice. Cotton and peanuts provide a significant source of foreign currency. The fish and cattle that are dried from the Niger River are important sources of income.
The most important agricultural region is located in the western part of the inner delta to the north of Segun. Only 5% of the arable land is cultivated. However, it is tried to increase the efficiency and area of treated soils. This region meets most of the country's rice and sugar needs.