The Islamic Republic of Iran ‘s the capital is Tehran. It is one of the states in the west of Asia. In neighboring Iran via land and sea United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkmenistan and Turkey are neighbors.
On the shore of the Caspian Sea, a softer climate prevails, while the steppe climate in the country is influential.
The population of Iran is 75.2 million. The land of the country is rugged. The mountains are high; There are desert and mountain basins in Iran; Plains are located on the coast. More oil, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur are removed in the country.
Important Cities of Iran
Iran Telephone code: 98
Iran Currency: Iranian Riyal
Mashhad, Urumiye, Tabriz, Shiraz, Isfahan and Yazd Iran's
Iran is very rich in terms of minerals. Coal is extracted in the northern and western regions. There are iron beds between Tehran-Semnan north and Yazd and Keran. Damgan has gold, Anarak tuzta nickel deposits, bauxite, lead, antimony, cobalt, silver, tin, copper, sulfur and salt mines. Iran is a country of agriculture and livestock. Political developments have led to a decline in the economy, leading to a decline in national income.
The majority of Iranian population is engaged in agriculture. Only one-fifth of Iran is suitable for agriculture. Agricultural products include; wheat and barley. In addition, rice, lentils, chickpeas, sugar beet, onions, cotton, melon, watermelon, mulberry and tobacco are grown. Fruits and vegetables next to the palm is grown. generally sheep in Iran are fed. The wool of the sheep fed is valuable. after sheep mainly cattle are fed.
Fishing is done in the Caspian Sea. Here, sturgeon and caviar are obtained. Modern industry has shown little development in Iran. In spite of the fact that there are suitable beds, a small amount of coal, iron ore, lead, nickel and copper are extracted. The carpet has an important place in Iran. Weaving and leather processing as well as various industries are developing. For example; these are woven, cement, sugar factories, foundry and chemical industries. Iran's largest source of wealth and energy is oil. Oil processing plants and refineries are the leading industrial parts in Iran.
One of the most important features of Iran is that it exports more than imports. The most important thing it exports is oil. It sells more than 80% of its oil. Other export items are; cotton, carpet, fruit, rice, wool and leather.
Imported goods include sugar, machinery, textiles, steel, tea, motor vehicles.
The main ports of Iran are; Abadan, Hürremşah, is located in the Gulf of Basra. In the Caspian Sea, Benderşah and Bender Pehlevi are also important ports. There are international airports in Tehran and Abadan.
Iran's Export Countries
China, India, South Korea, Japan, France.
Iran's Import Countries
China, United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Germany, South Korea.
Nations Living in Iran
Around 35 million are Farisi, around 15 million Azeri Turks, 2.5 million Turkmen, 4 -5 million Kurds and about two million Arabs.
Languages spoken in Iran
The official language of Iran is Persian. In addition, Azeri Turkish, Kurdish, Arabic and Turkmen (Turkish) are also spoken.