The capital of the Republic of Iraq is Baghdad.It is a Middle Eastern country with 438 317 km2 surface area,and Turkey is the neighbor in south.
Iraq's other Neighbors; Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Syria and Turkey are neighbors. Beside the mountainous regions of Iraq, there are deserts. The land of Mesopotamia is very fertile. The largest plateau in the country is Cezire. Members of the Alp-Himalayan mountain range in the north are the highest regions of Iraq in the Zagros Mountains. The Tigris and its tributaries are the source of life for the Euphrates, Iraq and Mesopotamia.
Climate in Iraq varies widely between summer and winter seasons and south-north regions. Summer is long, hot and dry in the south. The average temperature in the region is 46 ° C. In the north it is cool and short. Winter is short in the south and cool. In the northern regions, the winter is very profitable and long. In these regions, the average winter temperature is generally below zero. Precipitation in the country is throughout the winter months.
Important Cities of Iraq
Iraq telephone code: +964
Iraqi Currency: Iraqi Dinar
Baghdad, Basra, Erbil, Karbala, Kirkuk, Mosul, Najaf, Tikrit.
The most important natural source of Iraq is oil. Oil is extracted from three regions: Kirkuk, Mosul and Basra. Most of the revenue from oil is used for modernization of agriculture. The farmland is mainly Mesopotamian and large rivers. The country is suitable for grain, tobacco and fruit production. In the southern regions; wheat, barley, corn, rice, sesame, hazelnuts, vegetables, fruits, tobacco and opium are grown. Palm is grown in all regions. Iraq alone meets 75% of world palm production. Hurma is the agricultural product which has the biggest contribution to the economy. Cattle, donkeys, mules, camels, are fed in the bay.
Most of the oil produced in Iraq is exported raw. Oil refineries are; Baghdad, Basra, Kirkuk and Mosul; petrochemical facilities are located in Baghdad. The oil is followed by cotton, wool and silk weaving. The textile industry was mostly gathered in Baghdad, Mosul and Hilla. Cement and artificial fertilizers are produced in the country. Canned, sugar, cigarette, vegetable oil and wood products are also developed due to agriculture. The industrial and economic situation worsened by the Gulf War.
Iraq's Export Products
Crude Oil, Gold, Refined Oil, Tropical Fruits, Recovered Paper.
Iraq's Imports Products
Jewelery, Refined Oil, Cars, Packaged Drugs, Publishing Equipment.
Iraq's Export Countries
China, India, the United States, South Korea, Italy, Turkey.
Import Countries of Iraq
United Arab Emirates, China, South Korea, United States.
Nations Living in Iraq
Arabs, Kurds, Iraqi Turkmen and as a minority; Assyrians, Chaldeans, Aramis.
Languages Spoken in Iraq
Official Language of Iraq is Arabic. Arabic, Kurdish, Turkmen Turkish and minorities speak their own language along with Arabic.