The Republic of Peru is a country to the west of South America. Ecuador and Colombia’s neighbours are in the north, Brazil in the east, Bolivia in the southeast, Chile in the south and the Pacific in the west. Area; 1.285.216 km2. Its capital is Lima.
Cities of Peru
Peru's telephone code: +51
Peru's currency: Nuevo Sol
The most developed city in the country is Lima. Other important cities are Callao, Arequipa, Trujillo, Iquitos, Cuzco and Huancayo.
Peru's commercial economy is largely based on minerals, agricultural products and industrial products and fisheries. The main agricultural products grown in the country are cotton, sugar beet, coffee, rice, potato, beans, corn, barley and tobacco.
Peru is a very rich country in terms of underground resources. The main minerals of the country are: copper, silver, molybdenum, lead, oil, zinc, iron, cadmium, tin, gold, coal, barium, salt, marble, gypsum, limestone, tellurium, antimony, tungsten, selenium and bismuth. The most important industries in the country are the fish and steel industries. More sardines are hunted on the coast. Another source of income in the country is forest products such as timber, rubber, quinine, dark red rosewood oil and Brazilian chestnut. Peru has a very commercial income with its minerals and prepared fish dishes. The main products of export are copper, fish dishes, coffee, iron, sugar, zinc, silver, lead, cotton, gold and wool.
Machinery, foodstuffs, fuels, oils, non-metallic minerals, chemical products and steel are the main import goods.
Peru's Export Products
Copper Ore is Gold, Refined Oil, Refined Copper and Ore.
Peru's Import Products
Refined Oil, Automobile, Crude Oil, Broadcasting Equipment and Computers.
Peru's Export Countries
Japan, China, the United States, Switzerland, Canada and Korea.
Peru's Imports Countries
China, Germany, the United States, Brazil, Mexico and Chile.
Nations Living in Peru
: Indians, which constitute the majority among ethnic groups in the country, contain 45% of the population. Almost 40% of the population is hybrid. The rest is made up of Negro and Asian groups. The majority of the white population is of Spanish origin.
Languages spoken in Peru
Official languages are Spanish, Aymara.