Algeria is the capital of the Democratic People's Republic of Algeria. The country is 2.381.741 km2. The second largest country in Africa after Sudan.
Important Cities of Algeria
Neighbors : It is surrounded by the Mediterranean in the north, Tunisia in the northeast, Libya in the east, Niger and Mali in the south, Mauritania in the southwest and Morocco in the west. Algeria in northwestern Africa has a long coastline of 1025 km in the Mediterranean.
In the coastal region between the Mediterranean coasts typical Mediterranean climate is seen. A more severe climate prevails between the two mountain ranges.
Algerian’s phone code: +213
The currency of Algeria: Algerian Dinar.
Adrar, Ain Defla, Ain Temouchent, Annaba, Batna, Bechar, Bejaia, Biskra, Blida, Bordj Bou Arreridj, Bouira, Boumerdes, Algeria, Chlef, Djelfa, El Bayadh, El Oued, El Tarf, Ghardaia, Guelma, Illizi, Jijel , Khenchela, Constantine, Laghouat, Mascara, Medea, Mila, Mostaganem, M'Sila.
Algeria's economy is based on agriculture and oil.
Agriculture is very important in the country. 50% of the working population is engaged in agriculture. Wheat, grapes, barley, dates and vegetables are among the products he has cultivated. Agriculture is mostly in the north of the country and on the Mediterranean coast. Citrus fruits, especially grapes, olives and tobacco are produced on the Mediterranean coast.
The nomadic part of the people is engaged in animal husbandry. This is unfortunately made by primitive methods. In livestock breeding cattle are the most common. Sheep, goats, cattle, camels and donkeys are among the most fed animals.
Algeria is very rich in terms of mineral resources. In the Tell region there are iron, phosphate, magnesium, tungsten, tin, gold and diamond mines near Tunis. Oil and natural gas are the most important sources of underground resources. It is the richest country in the world in natural gas reserves. The oil and natural gas in the Sahara are abundant in the Hassan Messaoud and Ejdele regions on the Libyan border. Algeria has four trillion and 502 billion cubic meters of proven natural gas reserves, covering 25% of the European Union's needs. While Algeria produces 85 billion cubic meters of natural gas annually, it consumes 29.8 billion cubic meters. This means the remaining part contributes to the economy as exports.
Algeria has a very sophisticated road network. The railway line, which extends from the Tunisian border to the border of Morocco, is connected to the ports by the intermediate roads. The major ports are Algeria, Oran, Annaba, Arzev and Bicaye. Algeria is the international airport in Darül-Beyda.
Petroleum Gas, Crude Oil, Refined Petroleum, Nitrogenous fertilizers, Ammonia.
Wheat, Packaged medicines, Refined Oil, Automobile, Raw Iron Bars.
Algeria's Export Countries
Spain, Italy, United States, France, Turkey.
Algeria's Import Countries
China, France, Italy, Spain, Germany.
Nations Living in Algeria
78% of Algerians are Arabs and 20% are Berbers. In Algeria, there are few French and less than 1% Jews from the colonial era. There are also some Turks from the Ottoman period.
Languages spoken in Algeria
The official language of Algeria is Arabic. Most of the Algerians had to learn French because of the practices during the French colonial period and the practices of the governments that came to power after independence. For this reason more than 90% of Algerians know French. The Berbers also speak their own ethnic language